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Research the work of a designer or design group, active in the period before World War II (1945), not represented in this course so far but who you believe deserves greater recognition.
Write an essay that…
1) explains why this designer should be more well-known and studied for his or her contribution(s) to the history of design in this course, and
2) looks at the narrative of design history presented so far in this course and do one of the following:
a) make a convincing argument for where in the existing narrative (review the lecture slides) that designer’s contribution(s) belongs—where you would insert it into the existing lecture slides—and why
b) make a convincing argument for how the narrative of design history presented so far in this course would have to change to accommodate the contribution(s) of that designer. Explain how you would revise the narrative of the lecture slides to accommodate your choice.
For this essay, cite only scholarly secondary sources found in the library’s databases.
Properly cite your source(s) when appropriate and in the notes-bibliography style recommended by the CMoS.
At the end of your paper, provide a properly formatted bibliography, which you may call “Bibliography.” The bibliography need not be on a separate page.
How to identify scholarly sources (for both essay options):
A source is scholarly if it has what we call “scholarly apparatus”—in other words, footnote or endnote citations for the author’s claims. Also, a scholarly source presents original findings. So, encyclopedia articles, which might have scholarly citations, do not count. For this assignment, use scholarly sources only.
How to identify secondary sources (for both essay options):
Sources are either primary or secondary. Primary sources typically include direct material evidence of your subject (such as the designed object itself), firsthand, eyewitness accounts of it, or writings by the designer of the object. Secondary sources typically base their conclusions on the study of primary or other secondary sources or a combination of the two. For this assignment, use secondary sources only.
How to insert footnotes or endnotes:
You should insert endnotes or footnotes at the end of the sentence or group of sentences in which you present the information from the source. When you get to the end of the sentence where you want to insert a footnote or endnote, place your cursor at that location after the period or other final punctuation mark. Your word-processing program should have a menu that allows you to “Insert—footnote.” Most likely, you’ll be able to choose whether you want to generate a footnote or endnote. Choose which one you want. Automatically, one will appear, and you will write your citation in proper CMoS format there.
Do not drop in a computer-generated citation. These often don’t distinguish between note and bibliography formats. Instead, use the following guide:
Your guide to citation formats for footnotes or endnotes (your choice) and “Bibliography”:
Click on the tab for the “notes-bibliography” style to see notes format requested specifically for articles. Notice that the format for notes (footnotes or endnotes) is not the same as the format for the bibliography:
To see how scholarly citations should be used and how they should look in a paper, see the sample student paper using citations that I posted on Blackboard next to this assignment.
CLAIMS (statements of fact, judgments, etc.) an author makes ARE NOT EVIDENCE of those claims. Citations or quotations you use in your paper from sources you find should present the convincing evidence for a claim. They should not simply parrot the authors’ claims. After all, just because an author says something doesn’t make it true. Rule of thumb for this assignment: as much as possible, use and cite sources for information, not opinion.
AVOID citing the opinion of another author unless you want to say that you agree with that person in your paper. Even if you do this, however, recognize that this assignment calls for you to use at least one source for evidence of a claim, so using sources just to agree with the author’s opinion is not sufficient.
QUOTATIONS: If you quote from a source (quoting is not required or always desirable), you must identify that source in the text of your paper. You cannot run together with your words with those of another author, or hope that the citation of the source in a footnote or endnote is sufficient to tell the reader whose words those are.
LENGTH: There is no specific length requirement. Two-to-three pages, not including the “Bibliography,” should do the trick. This is just an estimate.